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Tee 2 Green Custom Golf is here to take care of all your custom club-making, club-fitting, and club-repair needs.

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CALL:(908) 339-2439

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The Importance of Loft Angle

TEE 2 GREEN CUSTOM GOLF is the ideal place to have your loft angles checked and adjusted. We can do it either in our shop as well as with our mobile setup that can be found weekends at various local golf courses. The importance of having your loft & lie specifications correct cannot be overstated. In the irons and wedges, they are every bit as critical as length and flex, if not more important. As the need to become more precise in distance and direction as you move down from the long irons to the wedges, so does the importance of getting these numbers correct.

"Loft," or "loft angle," is a measurement, in degrees, of the angle at which the face of the club lies relative to a perfectly vertical face represented by the shaft. Simply put, it is the distance that the club face is tilted up. The photo at the left is the actual machine TEE 2 GREEN CUSTOM GOLF uses to adjust your iron loft.

So you might wonder "why does this matter?" Club loft is responsible for about 85% of the difference in distance that we experience with the different irons we use. That’s huge! The rest of the distance gap is attributed to the difference in lengths of the various clubs. Traditionally clubs would vary by 4 degrees of loft from club to club in a standard set but due to many factors that is no longer the case. Today’s clubs have become so de-lofted, or “strong” in order to sell "distance" that it has even become necessary to add an additional club, commonly referred to as a “gap” wedge, into the set in order to maintain incremental distances and avoid large distance gaps. Loft angles on club sets today are more typically 4 to 5 degrees in the shorter irons and 3 or 4 degrees in the longer irons.

Virtually no club sets will leave the factory with all the loft and lie angles correct. Even the best manufacturers will have a plus/minus tolerance of 1 degree. That may not sound like a lot to most people but think of it this way. If you only have 4 degrees of loft between clubs 1 degree is 25%. As an example, let us say that every club in a set measured exactly the loft that to which it was designed with the exception of the 7 and 8 iron. The 7 iron is 1 degree weaker than designed (34 degrees instead of 33 degrees) and the 8 iron is 1 degree stronger than designed (36 degrees instead of 37 degrees). This will leave you with loft gaps of 5 degrees between the 6 and 7 iron, 2 degrees between the 7 and 8 irons, and 5 degrees between the 8 and 9 irons. What almost invariably happens in this situation is that the 7 and 8 irons hit relatively the same distance with most golfers’ preferring the 8 iron since it is shorter yet yields the same distance.

One final point I’d like to stress is that a golfer must be very careful before deviating too much from the loft angles designed into the club. The reason for this is that it changes the bounce angle of the club and consequently interaction of the sole with the turf. Most clubs today can easily be adjusted 2 degrees but there are some that cannot be adjusted at all and others that can easily go 4 degrees. That is why you need to come see TEE2 GREEN CUSTOM GOLF!


Rather than me explain the benefits and reasons for custom fitting , here is an article by todays foremost authority on custom club fitting, Tom Wishon. Enjoy!

One of the most common misconceptions about custom fitting of golf clubs is that middle and high handicap golfers are convinced they are “not good enough to be custom fit.” Last year I had the chance to read a survey on custom clubfitting conducted by the leading golf information clearinghouse in the golf industry. One of the bits of information that just made me shake my head in disbelief was that the vast majority of middle to higher handicap respondents said, “as soon as I improve my swing a little more, I’ll think about being custom fit.” The reason that average to higher handicap golfers seem to cling to this myth is because they feel they are not consistent enough in their swing to be able to gain benefit from custom fitting. What’s interesting about that mistaken belief is that one of the reasons they are inconsistent is because the standard made, “off-the-rack” golf clubs they bought and use are built to specs that make it much more difficult for them to become consistent! Here’s an absolute fact about custom fitting – the less skilled the golfer, the more they need to be accurately fit to play to the best of their ability.

Low handicap golfers achieve their better playing ability because of two reasons – one, they were taught proper swing fundamentals and put in the time to practice and ingrain those swing skills, and two, they are good athletes blessed with good hand-eye coordination and solid control over their kinetic body motions, which enables them to train their body to develop the proper swing fundamentals. Because of their superior athletic and kinetic skills, low handicap golfers could play almost as well with quite a wide variety of different golf club specifications. Most don’t because in the process of becoming a good player, they develop a more acute sense of feel and ball flight perception that leads them to custom fitting to ensure greater consistency.

On the other hand, most middle and high handicap golfers do not have the same level of athletic coordination or control over their body motions.  Certainly with enough monitored practice many of these golfers could improve their swing skills.  But the vast majority will not achieve the same level of swing control and repeatability as the low handicap players because they simply are not blessed with above average athletic attributes.  Because of that, if the middle to high handicap player ends up with woods that are too long, a wood face angle that is not matched to their swing path, a swingweight and total weight in their clubs that is not matched to their swing tempo and rhythm, and several other custom fitting parameters, they cannot possibly hope to play to the best of their ability. Thus it is extremely important for middle to high handicap golfers to be accurately custom fit so that the clubs can be made to help overcome and offset many of their inherent swing faults.

The following is a list of custom fitting parameters that are extremely important for middle to high handicap players to investigate in order to get the most out of their games. We urge clubmakers to use this information as a way to impress upon their middle and higher handicap customers not to put off custom fitting any longer.

1. Club Length

Hitting the ball more consistently on-center is the most important key to playing better golf. The length of your clubs is one of the most critical fitting parameters that can change the success or failure rate of hitting the ball solid and on-center.  Unfortunately the “standard lengths” of drivers and fairway woods that most golfers buy are too long to allow the vast majority of golfers, especially middle and higher handicappers, to achieve their highest on-center hit percentage. Thus it is of UTMOST IMPORTANCE that middle and high handicap players are properly fit for the right length which will result in their ability to control the clubs more easily, and from that, increase their percentage of solid, on-center hits. Remember the keys for proper length fitting – start with the wrist to floor (WTF) measurement chart and only go longer than the WTF recommendation if the golfer has a smooth tempo, flatter swing plane and good swing timing and coordination.

2. Iron Lie Angles

No golfer, regardless of handicap or athletic ability, can hit the ball straight without the lie angle of each iron properly fit to their swing. Fitting the lie angle of the irons to each individual golf swing so every iron arrives at impact with the sole parallel to the ground is the only way the clubhead can come into impact and assure a straight hit. If all golfers were the same height, had the same arm length and swung the club through impact the same exact way, then the standard lie angles designed on clubs bought “off the rack” would be fine. But that is definitely not the case, so if golfers want to eliminate the inevitability of an improperly fit lie angle causing errant shots, every golfer must be custom fit for the lie angle of the irons - every golfer.

3. Woodhead Face Angle

Good players have trained their swing to deliver the clubface square to the ball a very high percentage of the time. Thus, the square face angle of the standard made woods sold today is an acceptable fit for the better golfer. Middle and high handicap golfers typically cannot deliver the clubface square to the ball nearly as often as can a low handicap player. Thus hooks, but far more often slices, are a frequent if not constant companion of the middle and high handicap golfers when they play. Well over 90% of all golfers with misdirection problems using their woods do tend to hit the ball to one side of the fairway far more than the other. Custom fitting the face angle of the woods will offset this misdirection tendency and allow the middle to high handicap golfer to keep the ball in play a much higher percentage of the time.  And remember, TWGT can Hand Select to wood face angles within a +/- 1 degree range of each woodhead’s face angle design to broaden your face angle fitting options.

4. Driver and Wood Loft

This is no BS whatsoever – at least 90% of all golfers are not playing with enough loft on their driver to fully maximize their distance off the tee, that goes for fairway woods as well. And I am not just talking about changing from your 9.5 loft driver to one with 10.5 or 11 degrees. If your driver swing speed is 90mph or lower, 90% of you are going to need a driver loft of 12, 13 or 14 degrees to be able to achieve the launch angle that will keep the ball airborne long enough to carry the ball as far as your swing speed will allow. At last check, 12 degrees is the highest loft the majority of the standard clubmaking companies even offer for men and 13.5 is the ceiling for women. That’s a pretty good indication that to get more distance off the tee, you need to be custom fit for the loft of your driver.  See the accompanying chart for a very general recommendation of driver loft vs. swing speed. The reason for the ranges in loft for each swing speed is because your swing angle of attack affects the final loft recommendation. And to know that and really nail down the perfect loft for your swing and swing speed, get thee to a custom clubmaker with a launch monitor who can determine this precisely for you!

Driver Swing Speed Driver Loft

50 mph 15 - 17 degrees

60 mph 14 - 16 degrees

70 mph 13 - 15 degrees

80 mph 12 - 14 degrees

90 mph 11 - 13 degrees

100 mph 9.5 - 11.5 degrees

110 mph 8 - 10 degrees

5. Swingweight/MOI and Total Weight

If all golfers were of the same physical strength and swung with the same tempo, rhythm and sense of swing timing, then all golfers could play with one standard swingweight and total weight. But again, this is obviously not the case. There are almost as many variations of strength/tempo/swing timing among golfers as there are golfers who play the game. No middle or high handicap golfer can hope to develop even a shred of consistency in their swing unless the total weight and the swingweight/ MOI of their clubs is properly matched to their individual strength and swing tempo tendencies. While good golfers have the athletic skills to be able to adjust to a range of swingweight and total weight, middle and high handicap golfers do not. Thus it is more important for middle and high handicap golfers to be properly fit to the right swingweight/MOI and total weight for their individual swing characteristics to have any hope of developing shot making consistency.

6. Shaft Flex and Bend Profile

If there is one area in which the better player can gain a little more advantage in a fitting than the middle to higher handicap player, it is in the selection of the right shaft fl ex and shaft bend profile (the design of the shaft’s stiffness over the entire length of the shaft). This is because better players usually have a more refined sense of feel for the bending action of the shaft during the swing than do middle to higher handicap golfers. However, it is true that if any golfer uses a shaft that is too stiff for their swing speed and swing mechanics, they will suffer from a lower launch angle, loss of distance, and a poor feeling of impact. Thus, it becomes very important for middle and high handicap golfers to also be properly fit to the correct shaft weight and shaft bend profile (overall fl ex design). With the mid-to high handicap player, always “err on the side of” lighter and more flexible in the shaft.

7. Grip Size

No golfer can hope to swing with any sense of repeatability unless their hands and forearms are relaxed and not in tension when they begin the swing. The grip size is a key element in allowing all golfers to be able to feel as comfortable as possible holding on to the club. And from that, to be able to keep the tension in the hands and the forearms at a bare minimum from the address position to the execution of the swing. Because middle to high handicap golfers often grip the club too tight, fitting these players with a grip size that is more comfortable is a very important way for them to learn that grip tension is a very destructive factor in making consistent swings.

8. Clubhead Center of Gravity

Middle and higher handicap golfers will always be more consistent in their shotmaking if they use clubheads in which the center of gravity is located as far back from the face as possible. Most less skilled golfers think only of choosing clubheads with a low center of gravity. However, it is the rear location of the CG that has more influence over how high you hit the ball for any given loft on the face. In addition, woodheads with a more rear located CG are more forgiving for off-center hits because the head tends to twist less when the CG is much farther back from the face.

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Repair & Adjustment

•NEW INSTALL, Standard/Graphite  $    10.00
•RE-SHAFT, Standard/Graphite  $    25.00
•RE-SHAFT,Bore-Thru, Standard/Graphite  $    30.00
•REMOVE ONLY  $    10.00
•REMOVE SHAFT broke at/in hosel (within 3"), ADD  $      5.00
*Shafts will be installed with the graphics "up" unless otherwise requested.
*Includes standard ferrule. Any collared ferrules, adapters, shims, bore-thru pins, etc will be added to price.
•STANDARD REGRIPPING, our grip  $      3.00
•STANDARD REGRIPPING, your grip  $      4.00
•PUTTER GRIP, Long  $      8.00
•PUTTER GRIP, Oversized  $      5.00
•SAVE GRIP, (Certain Grips)  $      8.00
*Grips will be installed with the graphics "up" unless otherwise requested.
•LENGTHEN CLUB, (max 1")  $    10.00
•SHORTEN CLUB  $      5.00
•ADJUST SWINGWEIGHT, (regripping/new install)  $      8.00
•SPINE / FLO / NBP  $      5.00
*(logo may not line up/grip must be removed)  
•LOFT / LIE ADJUST, individual iron/wedge $      5.00
•LOFT / LIE ADJUST, iron/wedge - 12 clubs max  $    40.00
•LOFT / LIE ADJUST, putter with hosel  $      8.00
•LOFT / LIE ADJUST, putter without hosel  $    10.00
•LOFT / LIE, measure only, woods/hybrids  $    10.00
Course Phone Number Visit Website
  Allentown Muni 610.395.5108
  Apple Mountain 908.453.3023
  Architects 908.213.3080
  Beaver Brook 908.735.4200
  Berkleigh CC 610.683.8268
  Bethlehem Muni 610.691.9393
  Center Valley 610.791.5580
  Green Pond 610.691.9453
  Harkers Hollow 908.859.0977
  Hawk Pointe 908.689.1870
  Heron Glen 908.806.6804
  Hideaway Hills 610.681.6000
  High Bridge Hills 908.638.5055
  Iron Lakes 610.395.3369
  Jack Frost 866.268.5503
Course Phone Number Visit Website
  Locust Valley 610.282.4711
  Minebrook 908.979.0366
  Morgan Hill 610.923.8480
  Oak Hill 908.995.7017
  Perry 610.562.3510
  Rich-Maiden 610.926.1606
  Riverview 610.559.9700
  Shepherd Hills 610.391.0644
  Southmoore 610.837.7200
  Silver Creek 610.838.7018
  Water Gap CC 570.476.4653
  Wedgewood 610.797.4551
  Whitetail 610.837.9626
  Willowbrook 610.264.9904
  Woodbridge 610.683.5355
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